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Space Book


"JOBS for the 21st Century"

by Christopher R. Willis  (1992)

               This is a full length  8.5x11  book which describes in detail the development of space, the new propulsion system, the full mission to Mars, a manned mission to Jupiter, and other interesting subjects such as the spaceship design and the hydroponic food production system.  

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Copyright Notice

All text, tables, and other materials presented on this site and relating to this book are copyrighted by Christopher R. Willis and are for your personal use only.

Table of Contents

1.0 Problems, problems, problems
   1.1 The power/energy problem
      1.1.1 Oil, the critical resource
      1.1.2 Oil, other supplies?
      1.1.3 Natural gas
      1.1.4 Coal
      1.1.5 Hydroelectric power
      1.1.6 Nuclear power
      1.1.7 The United States energy situation
      1.1.8 Summary of the energy situation
   1.2 The worldwide food shortage
   1.3 The problem of unemployment
2.0 Hydroponics - the solution to the food problem
   2.1 Factors which effect yields
   2.2 Analysis of vegetables
   2.3 Are these numbers for real?
   2.4 Analysis of fruits
   2.5 Nutrient value of vegetables
   2.6 Financial considerations
   2.7 Financial summary
   2.8 Political summary
3.0 Jobs - the solution to the unemployment problem
   3.1 Jobs in the electric power industry
   3.2 Jobs in the android industry
      3.2.1 Android manufacturing
      3.2.2 Prostheses
      3.2.3 Android sales and installation
      3.2.4 Android repair and service
      3.2.5 Android training
   3.3 Jobs in hydroponics
      3.3.1 Construction
      3.3.2 Research
      3.3.4 Production
   3.4 Jobs in space
      3.4.1 Tourism
      3.4.2 R & D
      3.4.3 Remote control teams
      3.4.4 Lunar science
4.0 Earth based facilities
   4.1 The cost of payload in orbit
   4.2 Alternatives to rockets
      4.2.1 High Altitude Research Project (HARP)
      4.2.2 Hydrogen gas gun
      4.2.3 Two stage hydrogen gas gun
      4.2.4 Boeing hydrogen gas gun
      4.2.5 Electromagnetic "coil gun"
      4.2.6 Railguns
      4.2.7 Scram guns
      4.2.8 Gerald Bull's Supergun
      4.2.9 Sub-orbital gun
      4.2.10 Summary of exotic launch systems
   4.3 Current earth launch sites
   4.4 Earth to moon direct
5.0 Low earth orbiting facilities
   5.1 Space stations
      5.1.1 Freedom space station Alternate space station designs Cost of space shuttle deployment of Freedom Cost of Energia/Shuttle deployment of Freedom
      5.1.2 Mir space station
   5.2 LEO fuel depots
   5.3 The garbage collectors/destroyers
   5.4 Earth-moon transportation system
   5.5 Heavy lift vehicles
      5.5.1 Advanced Launch System (ALS)
      5.5.2 External Tank (ET) derivatives
      5.5.3 Saturn 5
      5.5.4 Energia
      5.5.5 Big Dumb Booster
      5.5.6 Shuttle-C
      5.5.7 Summary of HLVs
   5.6 Timeline
   5.7 Political summary
6.0 Space travel
   6.1 Rockets
   6.2 Nuclear rockets
   6.3 Other exotic methods of space travel
   6.4 Spaceship propulsion by momentum transfer
      6.4.1 EMPL acceleration
      6.4.2 How many projectiles?
      6.4.3 Spaceship acceleration
      6.4.4 Spaceship power requirements
      6.4.5 Flight profile to Mars
   6.5 Specific impulse comparisons
   6.6 Travel time comparisons
   6.7 Hazards of space travel
   6.8 Interstellar travel
7.0 The first lunar base
   7.1 Site selection
   7.2 Delivering materials to the moon
      7.2.1 The skyhook
      7.2.2 The electromagnetic lander
      7.2.3 The lunar slide lander
   7.3 Lunar products
      7.3.1 Solar power facilities on the moon
      7.3.2 Helium-3
      7.3.3 Oxygen
   7.4 The first small EMPL
   7.5 Lunar hydroponic facility
   7.6 What has to be taken to the moon?
      7.6.1 Nuclear power source
      7.6.2 The aluminum extraction machine
      7.6.3 The silicon extraction machine
      7.6.4 The solar cell machine
      7.6.5 Androids
      7.6.6 Multi-purpose vehicles
      7.6.7 Volatile extraction machine
      7.6.8 'Mond' process equipment
      7.6.9 Vapor deposition machine
      7.6.10 Mold maker machine
      7.6.11 Landing guidance system
      7.6.12 Communication equipment
      7.6.13 Miscellaneous critical components
      7.6.14 Summary of regolith processing
   7.7 Summary of initial lunar base development
   7.8 Costs of lunar projects
      7.8.1 Past unmanned US lunar projects Ranger series Lunar Orbiters Surveyor series Summary of unmanned US lunar programs
      7.8.2 The Apollo (manned) program Apollo 11 Apollo 12 Apollo 14 Apollo 15 Apollo 16 Apollo 17 Cost of the Apollo program
      7.8.3 Current lunar projects
      7.8.4 Future lunar projects NASA oversight subcommittee report Keaton/Gelfand proposal Hoffman/Neihoff Edward Teller's lunar laboratory Lunar manufacturing proposal NASA lunar base scenario Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory proposal The Ride report Summary of lunar proposals
   7.9 Financial considerations
   7.10 Financial summary
   7.11 Political summary
8.0 The polar lunar base
   8.1 Site selection
   8.2 The lunar polar railroad
   8.3 Construction of the main electromagnetic launcher
   8.4 Cost of the primary EMPL
   8.5 Power for the launcher
   8.6 Perturbations of the orbit of the Moon
   8.7 Timeline
   8.8 Political summary
9.0 The design of the spaceship
   9.1 Apartment size and weight estimates
   9.2 Hydroponic food production
   9.3 Comparison of grown vs carried food supplies
   9.4 The spaceship environment
   9.5 Crew size and composition
   9.6 The primary power source - nuclear energy
   9.7 Spaceship assembly and checkout
   9.8 Financing
10.0 Phobos and Deimos
   10.1 Asteroids
   10.2 Visiting Phobos
   10.3 The first spaceship to Phobos
      10.3.1 The EMPL
      10.3.2 Projectiles and projectile racks
      10.3.3 Nuclear power systems
      10.3.4 Hydroponic food production facilities
      10.3.5 Crew's quarters
      10.3.6 Androids
      10.3.7 Fuel production facilities
      10.3.8 Mars landing systems
      10.3.9 Mars observation equipment
   10.4 Outline of the Phobos mission
   10.5 Timeline
   10.6 Financing
11.0 Mars, the red planet
   11.1 Costs of Mars projects
      11.1.1 Past Mars projects Mariner 6 & 7 Mariner 8 & 9 Viking 1 & 2 Summary of past Mars projects
      11.1.2 Current Mars projects Japanese Mars orbiter US Mars Observer CIS Summary of current Mars projects
      11.1.3 Future projects Unmanned Mars missions
   NASA Ames mini-landers
   NASA JPL micro-rovers
   Science Applications' Mars sample-return
   NASA JPL Mars sample-return
   Summary of unmanned Mars proposals Manned Mars missions
   Lawrence Livermore National Lab plan
   Lunar base study group
   Stanford/Soviet study
   Synthesis Group plan
   Baker/Zubrin Mars mission
   Ball Aerospace Corp
   NASA Moon/Mars project
   An Independent Mars Expedition
   The Ride Report
   Summary of manned Mars proposals
   11.2 Should we finance a Mars sample-return mission?
   11.3 Lifting the crew to LEO via space planes
      11.3.1 Buran
      11.3.2 Hermes
      11.3.3 HL-20
      11.3.4 Hope
      11.3.5 Hotol
      11.3.6 Japanese NASP
      11.3.7 US NASP
      11.3.8 Sanger
      11.3.9 SDI SSTO
      11.3.10 Space van
      11.3.11 Space shuttle
      11.3.12 Other space planes
      11.3.13 Summary of space planes
   11.4 Lifting the crew from LEO to HEO
   11.5 Daily schedule for the crew
   11.6 Arrival at Mars
   11.7 Mars landing
   11.8 Timeline
   11.9 Financing
      11.9.1 Ticket sales
      11.9.2 Television rights
      11.9.3 Martian souvenirs
      11.9.4 Profits
      11.9.5 Helium-3 sales
12.0 Jupiter, the giant planet
   12.1 The Galilean satellites
   12.2 Selecting a home in the Jovian system
   12.3 Outline of an unmanned mission to Callisto
   12.4 Recovering Helium-3 from Jupiter
   12.5 The manned spaceship to Jupiter
   12.6 Timeline